The use of fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composite materials has had a dramatic effect on modern engineering techniques, with many major developments revolutionising the world of civil engineering over the last three decades. This comprehensive new study outlines the latest developments in fiberreinforced polymer FRP composites and their applications in civil engineering. The first part of this book outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer FRP use and recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of advanced composites.
Part two goes on to cover a wide range of applications of FRP composites within different aspects of civil engineering, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. Part 1 General developments: Types of fiber and fiber arrangement in fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites; Biofiber reinforced polymer composites for structural applications; Advanced processing techniques for composite materials for structural applications; Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding VARTM for external strengthening of structures; Failure modes in structural applications of fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites and their prevention; Assessing the durability of the interface between fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites and concrete in the rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures.
Advances in wind turbine blade design and materials provides a comprehensive review of the design and functionality of wind turbine rotor blades as well as the requirements and challenges for composite materials used in wind turbine blade design. This book is an invaluable reference for materials scientists and engineers, wind turbine blade manufacturers and maintenance technicians, scientists, researchers and academics.
Part 1 Wind turbine blade design: Challenges and developments: Introduction to wind turbine blade design; Loads on wind turbine blades; Aerodynamic design of wind turbine rotors; Characteristics of wind turbine blade airfoils; Aeroelastic design of wind turbine blades.
Part 2 Fatigue behaviour of composite wind turbine blades: Fatigue as a design driver for composite wind turbine blades; Effects of resin and reinforcement variations on fatigue resistance of wind turbine blades; Fatigue life prediction of wind turbine blade composite materials; Micromechanical modelling of wind turbine blade materials; Probabilistic design of wind turbine blades. Part 3 Advances in wind turbine blade materials, development and testing: Biobased composites: Materials, properties and potential applications as wind turbine blade materials; Surface protection and coatings for wind turbine rotor blades; Design, manufacture and testing of small wind turbine blades; Wind turbine blade structural performance testing.
Part 1 Materials for lightweight automotive structures: Advanced steels for lightweight automotive structures; Aluminium alloys for lightweight automotive structures; Magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive structures; Thermoplastics and thermoplasticmatrix composites for lightweight automotive structures; Thermoset-matrix composites for lightweight automotive structures.
Part 2 Manufacturing and design of lightweight automotive structures: Manufacturing processes for light alloys; Joining for lightweight vehicles; Recycling and lifecycle issues for lightweight vehicles; Crashworthiness design issues for lightweight vehicles. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites PMCs provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Introduction to composites and materials. Part 1 Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites PMC : Short fiber and nanoparticle based processing: Injection molding in polymer matrix composites; Processing of polymer nanocomposites; Compression molding in polymer matrix composites.
Part 2 Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites PMC : Thermoplastic based processing: Sheet forming in polymer matrix composites; Fabric thermostamping in polymer matrix composites; Filament winding process in thermoplastics; Continuous fiber reinforced profiles in polymer matrix composites. Part 3 Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites PMC : Thermoset based processing: Resin transfer molding RTM in polymer matrix composites; Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding VARTM in polymer matrix composites; Compression resin transfer molding CRTM in polymer matrix composites; The pultrusion process in polymer matrix composites; Autoclave processing for composites; Out-of-autoclave curing process in polymer matrix composites.
Part 1 Traditional methods for machining composite materials: Turning processes for metal matrix composites; Drilling processes for composites; Grinding processes for polymer matrix composites; Analysing cutting forces in machining processes for polymer-based composites; Tool wear in machining processes for composites; Analysing surface quality in machined composites. Part 2 Nontraditional methods for machining composite materials: Ultrasonic vibration-assisted UV-A machining of composites; Electrical discharge machining of composites; Electrochemical discharge machining of particulatereinforced metal matrix composites; Fundamentals of laser machining of composites; Laser machining of fiber-reinforced polymeric composite materials; Laser-based repair for carbon fiber reinforced composites.
Part 3 Special topics in machining composite materials: High speed machining processes for fibre-reinforced composites; Cryogenic machining of composites; Analysing the machinability of metal matrix composites; Machining processes for wood-based composite materials; Machining metal matrix composites using diamond tools. Part 1 Bolted joints: Reinforcement of composite bolted joints by local metal hybridization; Bolted joints in glass-reinforced aluminium Glare and other hybrid fibre metal laminates FML ; Bolted joints in pultruded glass fibre reinforced polymer GFRP composites; Bolt-hole clearance effects in composite joints; Stress analysis of bolted composite joints under multiaxial loading; Strength prediction of bolted joints in carbon fibre reinforced polymer CFRP composites; Fatigue of bolted composite joints; Influence of dynamic loading on fastened composite joints; Effects of temperature on the response of composite bolted joints.
Part 2 Bonded joints: Calculation of strain energy release rates for bonded composite joints with a prescribed crack; Simulating fracture in bonded composite joints using cohesive zone models; Simulating fatigue failure in bonded composite joints using a modified cohesive zone model; Strength of bonded overlap composite joints in marine applications; Advanced modelling of the behaviour of bonded composite joints in aerospace applications; Mixed mode energy release rates for bonded composite joints; Stress analysis of bonded patch and scarf repairs in composite structures; High strain behaviour of bonded composite joints.
Part 1 Processing and surface treatments to compose the interface in natural fibre composites: Modifying cellulose fiber surfaces in the manufacture of natural fiber composites; Interface engineering through matrix modification in natural fibre composites; Preparation of cellulose nanocomposites; Characterization of fibre surface treatments in natural fiber composites by infrared and raman spectroscopy; Testing the effect of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion of single fibres in natural fibre composites; Assessing fibre surface treatment to improve the mechanical properties of natural fibre composites.
Part 2 Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites: Electrokinetic characterisation of interfacial property of natural fibres; Mechanical assessment of natural fiber composites; Thermochemical assessment of natural fibre composites; Assessing the moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres; Creep and fatigue of natural fibre composites; Impact behavior of natural fiber composite laminates; Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites.
Part 1 Manufacturing of non-crimp fabrics: Production of non-crimp fabrics for composites; Standardisation of production technologies for non-crimp fabric composites; Structural stitching of non-crimp fabric preforms for composites; Understanding and modelling the effect of stitching on the geometry of non-crimp fabrics; Automated analysis of defects in fibre placement in non-crimp fabrics for composites.
Part 2 Manufacturing of non-crimp fabric composites: Deformability of textile performs in the manufacture of non-crimp fabric composites; Modelling the deformability of biaxial non-crimp fabric composites; Permeability of non-crimp fabric preforms; Understanding variability in the permeability of non-crimp fabric composite reinforcements; Modelling of the permeability of non-crimp fabrics for composites. Part 3 Properties of non-crimp fabric composites: Mechanical properties of non-crimp fabric NCF based composites: Stiffness and strength; Damage progression in non-crimp fabric composites; Fatigue in non-crimp fabric composites; Mechanical properties of structurally stitched non-crimp fabric composites; Predicting the effect of stitching on the mechanical properties and damage of non-crimp fabric composites: Finite element analysis; Modelling drape, stress and impact behaviour of non-crimp fabric composites; Modelling stiffness and strength of non-crimp fabric composites: Semi-laminar analysis.
Part 4 Applications of non-crimp fabric composites: Aerospace applications of non-crimp fabric composites; Non-crimp fabric: Preforming analysis for helicopter applications; Automotive applications of non-crimp fabric composites; Non-crimp fabric composites in wind turbines; Cost analysis in using non-crimp fabric composites in engineering applications.
It will undoubtedly provide a substantial reference text for some time to come. Part 1 Preparation and processing of polymer carbon nanotube composites. Part 2 Properties and characterisation of polymer carbon nanotube composites. Part 3 Applications of polymer carbon nanotube composites. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains and the series of symposia are closely related to their applications in civil engineering. In the last decades their importance is increasing along with their variety and the use of most advanced methods of testing.
Papers include concretes, fibre concretes and ceramics, particularly their composition, microstructure and fracture processes. Various new and advanced engineering problems are presented in the papers. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains civil engineering, mechanical equipment and machinery, vehicles, etc. Papers include: aggregate-binder composites concretes, fibre concretes, rocks ; sintered materials ceramics ; high strength composites with brittle matrices.
In principle, the general problems of structures made of composite materials are not included in the papers. Various approaches to the material engineering problems are presented in the papers. Advanced composite materials for bridge structures are recognized as a promising alternative to conventional construction materials such as steel. This book summarises key recent research in this area. After an introductory overview and an assessment of bond characteristics between composites and cement, Advanced composites in bridge construction and repair reviews key applications of fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites in bridge construction and repair.
These applications include cable-stayed bridges, seismic retrofit of reinforced concrete piers, repair of ageing bridge substructures and superstructures, the use of pre-stressed FRP composites for concrete structures in flexure and composites for bridge decks. Using FRP composites in bridge construction: an overview; Analysing bonding between composites and concrete in bridge repair; All composite superstructures for accelerated bridge construction; FRP composites for cable-stayed bridges; FRP composites for seimic retrofit of reinforced concrete piers; Repair of ageing bridge substructure using CFRP composites; Repair of bridge superstructure using FRP composites; Pre-stressed FRP composites for concrete structures in flexure; Cement composites for bridge decks.
Keynote presentation: Alignment and gripping; Temperature measurement and calibration; Heating equipment and control; Extensometry and imaging; Laboratory systems and experiences. Introduction; The basic properties of building materials; Air hardening binding materials; Cement; Concrete; Building mortar; Wall and roof materials; Construction steel; Wood; Waterproof materials; Building plastic; Heat-insulating materials and sound-absorbing materials; Finishing materials; Appendix tests of building materials.
Pipelines are a critical component in industrial and civil infrastuctures, however they present particular challenges in monitoring and repair. Fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites are increasingly being used as a flexible and costeffective means to repair ageing, corroded or damaged pipelines. Thermal energy storage TES technologies store thermal energy both heat and cold for later use as required, rather than at the time of production.
They are therefore important counterparts to various intermittent renewable energy generation methods and also provide a way of valorising waste process heat and reducing the energy demand of buildings. This book provides an authoritative overview of this key area. Part one reviews sensible heat storage technologies. Part two covers latent and thermochemical heat storage respectively.
The final section addresses applications in heating and energy systems. Part 1 Sensible heat storage: Advances in molten salt and other liquid sensible storage systems; Advances in the use of solid storage media; Aquifer, cavern and pit thermal energy storage; Borehole thermal energy storage; Modeling of underground thermal energy systems UTES. Part 2 Latent and thermochemical heat storage: Using snow and ice for thermal energy storage; Solid-liquid phase change materials PCMs for thermal energy storage; Encapsulation of phase change materials; Design of latent heat storage systems using PCMs; Integrating PCMs into buildings; Sorption systems for heat storage; Chemical reactions for thermal energy storage; Modelling of thermochemocal systems for energy.
Part 3 Applications: Designing and operating thermal energy storage systems; Thermal energy storage systems for domestic housing; Thermal energy systems for district heating; Thermal energy storage systems using energy from waste; Thermal energy storage for concentrating solar power systems; Thermal energy storage in geenhouse systems; Thermal energy storage in energy transportation.
NEW Rehabilitation of metallic civil infrastructure using fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites Types properties and testing methods. Oil, gas and other types of underground pipeline are critical components of civil infrastructure. Detecting the presence of corrosion which may cause a pipeline to fail is a major challenge. This important book reviews key research on understanding corrosion processes and methods for detecting corrosion, including magnetic flux leakage, the close interval potential survey method, the Pearson survey method and in-line inspection techniques.
Part 1 Understanding and managing corrosion processes: Understanding corrosion in underground pipelines: Basic principles; AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines; Assessing the significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines; Numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines; Corrosion processes and the use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines; Types of corrosion inhibitor for managing corrosion in underground pipelines. Eco-efficient construction and buliding materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials.
Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment LCA methodology to building materials as well as eco-labelling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components.
Introduction to the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part 1 Life cycle assessment LCA , eco-labelling and procurement: Mineral resource depletion assessment; LCA of sustainable building materials: An overview; LCA of the building sector: strengths and weaknesses; Using LCA methodology to develop eco-labels for construction and building materials; The EU Ecolabel scheme and its application to construction and building materials; Environmental Product Declaration EPD labelling of construction and building materials; Shortcomings of ecolabelling of construction and building materials; Green public procurement GPP of construction and building materials.
Part 3 Assessing the environmental impact of particular types of structure: Comparing the environmental impact of reinforced concrete and wooden structures; Assessing the sustainability of prefabricated buildings; LCA of green facades and living wall systems; Assessing the environmental and economic impacts of cladding systems for green buildings; LCA of windows and window materials; LCA of ultra-high performance concrete UHPC structures; LCA of fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites in civil applications. Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer FRP composites have become essential materials for the building of new structures and for the repair of existing infrastructure.
Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer FRP composites for structural applications provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites. Part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and explores how performance can be managed and tested. Applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industries and sustainable energy production, are discussed in part four.
This comprehensive new study outlines the latest developments in FRP composites and their applications in civil engineering. The first part of this book outlines the general developments of FRP use and recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of advanced composites. Part 1 Materials: Phenolic resins as a matrix material in advanced fibre-reinforced polymer FRP composites; Polyester resins as a matrix material in advanced FRP composites; Vinylester resins as a matrix material in advanced FRP composites; Epoxy resins as a matrix material in advanced FRP composites.
Part 3 Properties, performance and testing: Understanding and predicting interfacial stress in advanced FRP composites for structural applications; Understanding and predicting stiffness in advanced FRP composites for structural applications; Understanding the durability of advanced FRP composites for structural applications; Testing of pultruded glass fibre-reinforced polymer GFRP composite materials and structures. Part 4 Applications: Advanced fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites to strengthen structures vulnerable to seismic damage; High performance fibre-reinforced concrete FRC for civil engineering applications; Advanced FRP composite materials in bridge engineering: Materials, properties and applications in bridge enclosures, reinforced and prestressed concrete beams and columns; Applications of advanced FRP composites in bridge engineering: Rehabilitation of metallic bridge structures, all FRP composite bridges and bridges built with hybrid systems; Advanced FRP composites for the manufacture and rehabilitation of pipes and tanks in the oil and gas industry; Sustainable energy production: Key material requirements; Advanced FRP composite materials for sustainable energy technologies; Improving the durability of advanced FRP composites using nanoclay; Advanced FRP composites for the rehabilitation of timber and concrete structures: Assessing strength and durability.
Part 1 General developments: Types of fiber and fiber arrangement in fiber-reinforced polymer FRP composites; Biofiber reinforced polymer composites for structural applications; Advanced processing techniques for composite materials for structural applications; Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding VARTM for external strengthening of structures; Failure modes in structural applications of FRP composites and their prevention; Assessing the durability of the interface between FRP composites and concrete in the rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures.
Civil engineering NEW Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction Materials, processes and applications. As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction.
Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three.
The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals.
Introduction to nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials. Part 1 Infrastructural applications: Nanoscience and nanoengineering of cement-based materials; Nanoparticles for high-performance concrete HPC ; Self-sensing concrete with nanomaterials; The use of nanotechnology to enhance the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications; Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures for eco-efficient construction; Safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications. Part 2 Applications for building energy efficiency: Thin films and nanostructured coatings for eco-efficient buildings; High performance thermal insulation materials for buildings; Silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows; Switchable glazing technology for eco-efficient construction; Third generation photovoltaic PV cells for eco-efficient buildings.
Part 3 Photocatalytic applications: Concrete, mortar and plaster using titanium dioxide nanoparticles: Applications in pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation; Self-cleaning tiles and glasses for eco-efficient buildings; Nanotechnology in manufacturing paints for eco-efficient buildings; Nanotechnology for domestic water purification. Introduction to the recycling of construction and demolition waste CDW.
Part 1 Managing construction and demolition waste: Improving waste management plans in construction projects; Methods for estimating CDW; Waste management plants and technology for recycling CDW: State-of-theart and future challenges; Multi-criteria decision-making methods for the optimal location of CDW recycling facilities; The economics of CDW management facilities. Part 2 Processing and properties of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste: Conventional demolition versus deconstruction techniques in managing CDW; Demolition techniques and production of CDW for recycling; Preparation of concrete aggregates from CDW; Separation processes to improve the quality of recycled concrete aggregates RCAs ; Quality control of recycled aggregates Ras from CDW; Properties of concrete with recycled aggregates; Strength and durability of concrete using recycled aggregates Ras.
Part 3 Applications of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste: Recycled aggregates Ras for roads; Recycled aggregates Ras for asphalt materials; Recycled asphalt RA for pavements; The suitability of concrete using recycled aggregates Ras for high-performance concrete HPC ; Use of CDW for alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health.
Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Introduction to polymer modified bitumen PMB. Part 1 Types of polymer modified bitumen: Polymer modified bitumen emulsions PMBEs ; Modification of bitumen using polyurethanes; Rubber modified bitumen; The use of waste polymers to modify bitumen; Polypropylene fiber-reinforced bitumen.
Part 2 Characterisation and properties: Rheology of polymer-modified bitumens; Factors affecting the rheology of polymer modified bitumen PMB ; Ageing of polymer modified bitumen PMB ; Natural weathering of styrenebutadiene modified bitumen; Fuel resistance of bituminous binders; Physio-chemical techniques for analysing the ageing of polymer modified bitumen.
Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles No. Materials World The book begins by considering the main types of decorative material and the physical, mechanical and other properties they require. It then discusses types and potential uses of decorative stone materials such as marble, granite, slate or gypsum. It then goes on to discuss the ways cement and concrete can be used for decorative effect, before considering the role of ceramics in such areas as tiling. The following chapters review decorative glass for windows or facades, metals and wood before assessing polymer materials such as plastics and textiles.
The final group of chapters discuss coatings, including waterproofing materials, multifunctional materials used for such purposes as soundproofing and thermal insulation, and the use of more sustainable decorative materials. Basic properties of building decorative material; Building decorative stone; Gypsum decorative material; Building decorative cement; Building decorative concrete and mortar; Building decorative ceramic; Building decorative glass; Metal decorative material; Decorative wood; Decorative plastics; Building decorative fiber fabric and its products; Architectural coatings; Adhesives; Waterproof materials; Acoustic and thermal insulating materials; New energy-saving and environmental protective building materials.
Part 1 Types of fibrous textiles and structures: Natural and man-made fibres: Physical properties; Yarns: Production, processability and properties; Textile structures. Part 2 Fibrous materials as a concrete reinforcement material: Steel fibre reinforced concrete: Material properties and structural applications; Natural fibre reinforced concrete; The role of fibre reinforcement in mitigating shrinkage cracks in concrete.
Part 3 Fibrous materials based composites for civil engineering applications: Fibrous materials reinforced composites production techniques; Fibrous materials reinforced composite for internal reinforcement of concrete structures; Fibrous materials reinforced composites for structural health monitoring; Fibrous insulation materials in building engineering applications; Acoustic behaviour of fibrous materials; The use of textile materials for architectural membranes.
Strengthening and rehabilitation of civil infrastructures using fibre-reinforced polymer FRP composites. With a distinguished international team of contributors, it is a superb reference text for research scientists and engineers in industry and academia. Advanced concrete for use in civil engineering; Advanced steel for use in civil engineering; Advanced cement composites for use in civil engineering; Advanced fibrereinforced polymer composites for use in civil engineering; Rehabilitation of civil structures using advanced polymer composites; Advanced engineered wood composites for use in civil engineering; Sustainable materials for the built environment.
The response of concrete under tensile loading is crucial for most applications because concrete is much weaker in tension than in compression. Understanding the response mechanisms of concrete under tensile conditions is therefore key to understanding and using concrete in structural applications. Understanding the tensile properties of concrete summarises key recent research in this important subject. Introduction to concrete: A resilient material system.
Part 1 Concrete in static tensile loading: Factors affecting the tensile properties of concrete; Modelling the effect of material composition on the tensile properties of concrete; Modelling moisture transport in intact and fractured concrete.
Part 2 Concrete in dynamic tensile loading: Modelling the response of concrete structures to dynamic loading; Dynamic test devices for analysing the tensile properties of concrete; Response mechanisms of concrete under impulsive tensile loading; Modelling the dynamic response of concrete with mesoscopic heterogeneity; Mesoscopic modelling of concrete under different moisture conditions and loading rates; Modelling the response of concrete structures from strain rate effects to shock induced loading; Understanding the dynamic response of concrete to loading: Practical examples.
Professor Arnon Bentur, Israel Institute of Technology from the Foreword Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials SCMs.
Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator MSWI concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes CDW. An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. Part 1 Eco-efficiency of Portland cement concrete: Environmental impact of Portland cement production; Low binder intensity eco-efficient concretes; Life cycle assessment LCA aspects of concrete.
Part 2 Concrete with supplementary cementitious materials SCMs : Natural pozzolans in eco-efficient concrete; Artificial pozzolans in eco-efficient concrete; Tests to evaluate pozzolanic activity in eco-efficient concrete; Properties of concrete with high volume pozzolans; Influence of supplementary cementitious materials SCMs on concrete durability; Performance of self- compacting concrete SCC with high volume SCMs; High volume ground granulated blast furnace slag GGBFS concrete; Recycled glass concrete. Part 3 Concrete with non-reactive wastes: Municipal solid waste incinerator MSWI concrete; Concrete with polymeric wastes; Concrete with construction and demolition wastes CDW ; An ecoefficient approach to concrete carbonation; Concrete with polymers.
Part 4 Future alternative binders and use of nano and biotech: Alkali-activated based concrete; Sulfoaluminate cement; Reactive magnesia cement; Nanotechnology for ecoefficient concrete; Biotechconcrete: An innovative approach for concrete with enhanced durability. Part 1 Measuring the rheological behaviour of concrete: Introduction to the rheology of complex fluids; Introduction to the rheometry of complex suspensions; Concrete rheometers; From industrial testing to rheological parameters for concrete; The rheology of cement during setting.
Part 2 Mix design and the rheological behaviour of concrete: Particle packing and the rheology of concrete; Superplasticizers and the rheology of concrete; Viscosityenhancing admixtures and the rheology of concrete; Fibre reinforcement and the rheology of concrete. Part 3 Casting and the rheological behaviour of concrete: Modelling the flow of self-compacting concrete; Thixotropy: from measurement to casting of concrete; Understanding formwork pressure generated by fresh concrete; Understanding the pumping of conventional vibrated and self-compacting concrete.
Part 1 Deterioration of reinforced concrete and testing problems: Introduction: Key issues in the non-destructive testing of concrete structures; When to use non-destructive testing of reinforced concrete structures: An overview; Deterioration processes in reinforced concrete: An overview; Modelling of ageing and corrosion processes in reinforced concrete structures; Components in concrete and their impact on quality: An overview; The role and tools of lifetime management of civil structures.
Part 1 Planning and implementing non-destructive testing of reinforced concrete structures. Part 2 Individual nondestructive testing techniques. Part 3 Case studies.
Materials and engineering catalogue by Woodhead Publishing - Issuu
Earthquakes represent a major risk to buildings, bridges and other components of civil infrastructure. Seismic hazard analysis forms the fundamental basis for many modern earthquake design code provisions and practices. This important handbook reviews the wealth of recent research in this crucial area.
Part 1 Ground motions and seismic hazard assessment: Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of civil infrastructure; Uncertainties in ground motion prediction in probabilistic seismic hazard analysis PSHA of civil infrastructure; Spatial correlation of ground motions in estimating seismic hazards to civil infrastructure; Ground motion selection for seismic risk analysis of civil infrastructure; Assessing and managing risk of earthquake-induced liquefaction to civil infrastructure.
Part 2 Seismic risk analysis methodologies: Seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems: An overview; Seismic risk analysis using Bayesian belief networks; Structural vulnerability analysis of civil infrastructure facing seismic hazards; Earthquake risk management of civil infrastructure: Integrating soft and hard risks; A capability approach for seismic risk analysis and management; Resilience-based design RBD modelling of civil infrastructure to assess seismic hazards.
Part 3 Assessing seismic risks to buildings: Assessing seismic risks for new and existing buildings using performance-based earthquake engineering PBEE methodology; Assessing the seismic vulnerability of masonry buildings; Vulnerability assessment of reinforced-concrete structures for fire and earthquake risk; Seismic risk models for ageing and deteriorating buildings and civil infrastructure; Stochastic modeling of deterioration in buildings and civil infrastructure.
Part 4 Assessing seismic risks to bridges and other components of civil infrastructure networks: Risk assessment and management of civil infrastructure networks: A systems approach; Seismic vulnerability analysis of a complex interconnected civil infrastructure; Seismic reliability of deteriorating reinforced concrete bridges; Using a performance-based earthquake engineering PBEE approach to estimate structural performance targets for bridges; Incremental dynamic analysis IDA applied to seismic risk assessment of bridges; Effect of soil-structure interaction and spatial variability of ground motion on seismic risk assessment of bridges; Seismic risk management of water pipeline networks; Seismic risk assessment of water supply systems; Seismic risk assessment for oil and gas pipelines; Seismic risk analysis of wind turbine support structures.
Part 5 Assessing financial and other losses from earthquake damage: Seismic risk and possible maximum loss PML analysis of reinforced concrete structures; Seismic risk management of insurance losses using extreme value theory and copula; Probabilistic assessment of earthquake insurance rates for buildings; Assessing global earthquake risks: The Global Earthquake Model GEM initiative; Strategies for rapid global earthquake impact estimation: The Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response PAGER system.
Structural health monitoring: Applications and data analysis. Part 1 Structural health monitoring technologies: Piezoelectric impedence transducers for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Wireless sensors and networks for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Synthetic aperture radar and remote sensing technologies for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Magnetoelastic stress sensors for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Vibration-based damage detection techniques for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Operational modal analysis for vibration-based structural health monitoring of civil structures; Fiber optic sensors for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Data management and signal processing for structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems; Statistical pattern recognition and damage detection in structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure and other systems.
Part 2 Applications of structural health monitoring in civil infrastructure systems: Structural health monitoring of bridges: General issues and applications; Structural health monitoring of cable-supported bridges in Hong Kong; Structural health monitoring of historic buildings; Structural health monitoring research in Europe: Trends and applications; Structural health monitoring research in China: Trends and applications. Part 1 Using fibre reinforced polymer FRP composites to extend the service-life of civil engineering structures: Key issues in the use of FRP composites in the rehabilitation and retrofitting of concrete structures; Using FRP composites to extend the service life of corroded concrete structures; Areas of uncertainty in the use of fibre-reinforced polymer FRP composites in the rehabilitation of civil engineering structures; Rehabilitation and service life estimation of bridge superstructures.
Keith Robinson, Dialog Architecture With the improved energy efficiency, high level of structural integrity and aestheticallypleasing finishes achieved in modern earth construction, it is now one of the leading choices for sustainable, low-energy building. Modern earth buildings provides an essential exploration of the materials and techniques key to the design, development and construction of such buildings.
Part one provides an introduction to design and construction issues including insulation, occupant comfort and building codes. Part two goes on to investigate materials for earth buildings, before building technologies are explored in part three, including construction techniques for earth buildings. Modern earth structural engineering is the focus of part four. Finally, part five of Modern earth buildings explores the application of modern earth construction through international case studies.
Structural dynamics of earthquake engineering Theory and application using Mathematica and Matlab. Part 1 Introduction to modern earth buildings: Overview of modern earth building; Hygrothermal behaviour and occupant comfort in modern earth buildings; Fabric insulation, thermal bridging and acoustics in modern earth buildings; Modern earth building codes, standards and normative development; Passive house design: A benchmark for thermal mass fabric. Part 2 Earth materials engineering and earth construction: Soil materials for earth construction: Properties, classification and suitability testing; Alternative and recycled materials for earth construction; Soil mechanics and earthen construction: Strength and mechanical behaviour; Soil stabilisation and earth construction: Materials, properties, and techniques; Integral admixtures and surface treatments for modern earth buildings; Weathering and durability of earthen materials and structures.
Part 3 Earth building technologies and earth construction techniques: History of earth building techniques; Stabilised soil blocks for structural masonry in earth construction; Modern rammed earth construction techniques; Pneumatically impacted stabilized earth PISE construction techniques; Conservation of historic earth buildings. Part 4 Modern earth structural engineering: Earth masonry structures: Arches, vaults and domes; Structural steel elements within stabilised rammed earth SRE walling; Natural disasters and earth buildings: Resistant design and construction; Embankments and earthfill dams: Construction materials and techniques.
Part 5 Application of modern earth construction: International case studies: North American modern earth construction; Australasian modern earth construction; European modern earth construction; Modern rammed earth construction in China. Polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace applications due to properties such as strength and durability compared to weight. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, this book summarises key recent research on design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures.
Part one reviews the design and manufacture of different types of composite component. Part two discusses aspects of performance such as stiffness, strength, fatigue, impact and blast behaviour, response to temperature and humidity as well as nondestructive testing and monitoring techniques.
Using composite materials in aircraft design: An overview. Part 2 Composite performance: Modelling stiffness and strength; Fatigue under multiaxial loading; Delamination fatigue cracking; Impact and postimpact fatigue behaviour; Design and testing crashworthy components; Design and failure analysis of bolted joints; Response to temperature and humidity; Blast response; Repair of damaged aerospace structures; Non-destructive testing; Structural health monitoring.
Introduction to polymer matrix composites. Part 1 Component materials: Reinforced materials; Matrix materials; Interface of polymer matrix composites.
Part 2 Processing of composite materials: Fabrication of the half-finished products for polymer composites; Forming technology of polymer matrix composites; Molding technology of sandwich structure composites. Part 3 Performance of composite materials: Elementary mechanical properties of composite materials; Other mechanical properties of composite materials; High frequency dielectric properties of composites and radome; Other properties of polymer composites. The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties.
Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers, whilst part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to base. Finally, part three investigates key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame retardant polymer nanocomposites. Part 1 Types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers: Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites; Environmental life-cycle assessment LCA of polymer nanocomposites; Calcium carbonate nanocomposites; Layered double hydroxides LDHs as functional fillers in polymer nanocomposites; Cellulose nanoparticles as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites; Metal-polymer nanocomposites.
Part 2 Types of polymer nanocomposites according to base: Polyolefin-based polymer nanocomposites; Poly vinyl chloride -based nanocomposites; Nylon-based polymer nanocomposites; Clay-containing poly ethylene terephthalate PET -based polymer nanocomposites; Thermoplastic polyurethane TPU -based polymer nanocomposites; Soft polymer nanocomposites and gels; Biodegradable polymer nanocomposites.
- Care of the imminently dying.
- Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection.
- Corrosion Control in the Aerospace Industry.
Part 3 Applications of polymer nanocomposites: Polymer nanocomposites in fuel cells; Polymer nanocomposites for aerospace applications; Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites; Polymer nanocomposites for optical applications; Polymer nanocomposite coatings. The book presents a brief history of the field and an introduction on algorithmic programs for use in chemical and engineering applications of polymers.
Chapters focus on polymer types and applications with algorithms. This book will be useful for chemists and engineers working in the polymer sciences, as well as graduate and postgraduate university students in the physical sciences and engineering. A short history; Algorithms; Polymers; Algorithms and polymers; An engineering application; The natural sciences and algorithms. NEW High temperature polymer blends Edited by M T DeMeuse, Polymer Consultant, USA Polymer blends offer properties beyond those of single polymers and provide the opportunity to tailor and control properties through selection of the blend composition.
An important area for polymer blends is high temperature applications where existing polymers could not normally be used. This book reviews recent research in the field, including characterisation methods and analysis of the thermodynamic properties of these blends. It also reviews the use of materials such as liquid crystals as reinforcements as well as applications in such areas as energy and aerospace engineering. Introduction to high temperature polymer blends; Characterisation methods; Thermodynamics; Liquid crystal polymer reinforcements; Polysulfones as reinforcements; PBIs as reinforcements; Applications of of high temperature polymer blends.
The first part of this book reviews the different types of smart polymer, discussing their properties, structure, design and characterization. Part two reviews applications of smart polymers in such areas as biomedical engineering, textiles and food packaging. Part 1 Types of smart polymer: Temperature-responsive polymers; pH-responsive polymers; Photo-responsive polymers; Magnetically-responsive polymers; Enzymeresponsive polymers; Shape memory polymers; Smart polymer hydrogels; Self-healing polymer systems.
Part 2 Applications of smart polymers: Tissue engineering; Drug delivery; Medical devices for minimally invasive surgery and diagnosis; Bio-separation and biotechnological applications; Textile applications; Food packaging; Data storage. Shape memory materials are immensely useful because of their capability to recover their original shapes upon exposure to an external stimulus such as heat, moisture, light or a magnetic field. This book reviews key recent research in shape memory polymers, their properties and applications.
Introduction to shape memory polymers; Tm type shape memory polymers; Tg type shape memory polymers; High performance type shape memory polymers prepared by modified two-step polymerization; Supramolecular shape memory polymers; Supramolecular shape memory polymers containing pyridine; Thermally-induced properties of supramolecular shape memory polymers containing pyridine; Moisture-induced properties of supramolecular shape memory polymers containing pyridine; Shape memory polymers with novel functions: Electro-active, magneticallyactive, light-adaptive and phase change materials; Shape memory finishing treatments for smart textiles; Manufacture of Tg and Tm shape memory polyurethane SMPU polymers; Future developments in shape memory polymers.
Packaging plays an essential role in protecting and extending the shelf life of a wide range of foods, beverages and other fast-moving consumer goods. There have been many key developments in packaging materials and technologies in recent years, and Trends in packaging of food, beverages and other fast-moving consumer goods FMCG provides a concise review of these developments and international market trends. Current trends in packaging are introduced, before varied packaging options and the role these play in augmenting and securing the consumer brand experience are discussed.
Innovations and trends in plastic, bioplastics, metal, paper and paperboard packaging are explored, along with regulatory and legislative frameworks, developments in nanotechnology, smart and interactive packaging, and potential future trends. Comprehensive in scope and authoritative in its coverage, Packaging technology provides the ideal introduction and reference for both students and experienced packaging professionals.
Part 1 Packaging fundamentals: Packaging and society; The packaging supply chain; Packaging functions; Packaging legislation; Packaging and environmental sustainability; Packaging and marketing. Part 2 Packaging materials and components: Glass packaging; Rigid metal packaging; Aluminium foil packaging; Paper and paper board packaging; Corrugated board packaging; Basics of polymer chemistry for packaging materials; Plastics properties for packaging materials; Plastics manufacturing processes for packaging materials; Packaging closures; Adhesives for packaging; Labels for packaging.
Part 3 Packaging processes: Packaging design and development; Printing for packaging; Packaging machinery and line operations; Hazard and risk management in packaging. Understanding how their chemistry and structure affects their properties is essential to their manufacture and use in a range of applications. Thermosets: Structure, properties and applications reviews both factors affecting thermoset properties and how this understanding can be used to engineer thermosets for particular uses.
Part 1 Structure and properties of thermosets: Overview of thermosets: Structure, properties and processing for advanced applications; Mechanical properties of thermosets; Thermal properties of thermoset resins; Rheology of thermosets: The use of chemorheology to characterise and model thermoset flow behaviour; Nanostructures and the toughening of thermosets. Part 2 Applications of thermosets: The use of thermosets in the building and construction industry; The use of thermosets in aerospace applications; Thermoset adhesives: Epoxy resins, acrylates and polyurethanes; Thermoset insulation materials in appliances, buildings and other applications; Thermosets for electrical applications.
Vegetable oil-based polymers provides a comprehensive review of the research in this important class of biopolymers. After an introduction to classification and polymerization, Vegetable oil-based polymers goes on to review the factors involved in polymer biodegradation. The extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils are then explored, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly ester amide s, polyurethanes and epoxies.
The book then reviews polyamides, polyolefins and vegetable oil-based hyperbranched polymers. It concludes with an analysis of vegetable oil-based polymer composites and polymer nanocomposites. Fundamentals of polymers; Biodegradable polymers; Vegetable oils and their derivatives; Vegetable oil-based polyesters; Vegetable oil-based poly ester amide s; Vegetable oil-based polyurethanes; Vegetable oil-based epoxies; Polyamides, polyolefins and other vegetable oil-based polymers; Vegetable oil-based hyperbranched polymers; Vegetable oil-based polymer composites; Vegetable oil-based polymer nanocomposites.
Part 1 Fundamental principles of biaxial stretching: Fundamentals of biaxial stretching and definitions of terms; Equipment design and requirements of biaxially stretched films; Laboratory evaluations of biaxially stretched films; Polyolefins used in biaxial stretched films; Other polymers used for biaxial films; Biaxial film structures; Typical industrial processes for the biaxial orientation of films; Post-production processing of biaxially oriented films; Strain energy function and stress-strain model for uniaxial and biaxial orientation of poly ethylene terephthalate PET ; Academic investigations of biaxially stretched films; Biaxial stretched polyamide film.
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Part 2 Applications of biaxial films: Fresh cut produce packaging and the use of biaxial stretched films; Biaxial stretched films for use in snack packaging; Biaxially stretched films for product labelling; Applications of biaxial stretched films; Future trends for biaxially oriented films and orienting lines.
Functional nanofibers and their applications summarises key trends in the processing and applications of nanofibres. Soil corrosivity depends on electrical conductivity, oxygen concentration, salts and acids content. Soil aeration is a well manner to reduce corrosion because the ground has higher rates of evaporation and lower water retention. As abovementioned, corrosion costs are very high. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent and monitor the corrosion development during equipment operation. There are several techniques for corrosion measurements and can be divided into Non- Destructive Techniques and Corrosion Monitoring Techniques .
Two or three electrode probes are inserted into the process system. A potential of about 20 mV is applied between the elements and current is measured. This method allows to monitoring general and galvanic corrosion and qualitatively local corrosion like pitting and crevice corrosion . In the last few years, with the development of automation and Distributed Control System DCS it could be possible to control corrosion in real time and optimize system productivity Figure 5. However, problems of integrating corrosion measurements within DCS exist due to qualitative and not quantitative measurements Recently new multivariable corrosion transmitter  and wireless  systems have been developed, but further efforts are needed to reduce the risks of corrosion.
Corrosion control is a real problem for industrial processes. It covers all sectors and with reference to hazardous plants such as oil refining, it can create serious damage to environments and people i.
Sinopec Gas Pipeline Explosion . Several methods for corrosion mitigation cathodic protection, protective coating etc. Therefore, is necessary to control corrosion by integrating corrosion transmitters within DCS system i.