The gang quickly mounted their horses and tried to escape while continuing to fire, and as they galloped away, Bass was shot again in the back by Ranger George Herold. Bass was later found lying helpless in a pasture north of town by the authorities. They took him into custody; he died from his wounds the next day.
One of Texas' deadliest outlaws, John Wesley Hardin, was reputed to be the meanest man alive, an accolade he supposedly earned by killing a man for snoring. He committed his first murder at age 15, and admitted to killing more than 40 men over 27 years. He pursued Hardin across Alabama and into Florida , and caught up with him in Pensacola. After Armstrong, Colt pistol in hand, boarded a train that Hardin and four companions were on, the outlaw shouted, "Texas, by God! When it was over, one of his gang members was killed, and his three surviving friends were staring at Armstrong's pistol.
Hardin had been knocked unconscious.
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Armstrong's hat had been pierced by a bullet, but he was uninjured. Hardin was charged for murder, convicted, and sentenced to 25 years in prison.
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Seventeen years later, Hardin was pardoned by Governor Jim Hogg and released from prison on March 16, He moved to El Paso , where he began practicing law. On August 19, , he was murdered during a poker game at the Acme Saloon over a personal disagreement. In , Private C. Moore of Company A, "performed one of the most important feats in the history of the Texas Rangers". Vice-Presidential candidate in Moore discovered a man holding a concealed palm pistol standing at the El Paso Chamber of Commerce building along the procession route.
The Bandit War , a small but major campaign during the Border War , was fought in — in Texas. The Texas Rangers became the primary fighting force and protection of the Texans during the operations against the rebels. The Mexican faction's incursion in the territory were carried out by the Seditionistas and Carrancistas , led by major political leaders such as Basilio Ramos and Luis de la Rosca.
However, the Seditionistas were never able to launch a full-scale invasion of the United States so they resorted to conducting small raids into Texas.
Much of the fighting involved the Texas Ranger Division though the United States Army also engaged in operations against the rebels. Frank Hamer , the longtime Ranger captain, left the Rangers in In , at the request of Col. Lee Simmons, head of the Texas prison system, Hamer was asked to use his skills to track down Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, whose Barrow gang had engineered a successful breakout of associates imprisoned at the Eastham Prison Farm in Houston County.
Prisoner and Barrow friend Joe Palmer had killed a guard while escaping, and the Barrow gang was responsible for many murders, robberies, and car thefts in Texas alone.
Texas Ranger Division
Nine law enforcement officers had already died in confrontations with the gang. After tracking the Barrow gang across nine states, Hamer, in conjunction with officials in Louisiana , learned Bonnie and Clyde had visited a home in Bienville Parish on May 21, , and that Clyde had designated a rendezvous point in the vicinity with gang member Henry Methvin, in case they were later separated. Methvin, allegedly cooperating with law enforcement, made sure he was separated from them that evening in Shreveport , and the posse set up an ambush along the route to the rendezvous at Highway , between Gibsland and Sailes.
Led by former Rangers Hamer and B. They were in place by that night, waiting all through the next day, but with no sign of Bonnie and Clyde. When he stopped to speak with Henry Methvin's father planted there with his truck that morning to distract Clyde and force him into the lane closest to the posse , the lawmen opened fire, killing Bonnie and Clyde while shooting a combined total of approximately rounds. The Texas Rangers have received widespread coverage for their role in the investigation of the death of Irene Garza, a Texas beauty queen.
Her body was found five days later in a canal. Autopsy results showed she had been raped while unconscious and died of asphyxiation, likely from suffocation. Texas Ranger Rudy Jaramillo started working on the case in In December , Feit was found guilty of murder with malice aforethought. Feit, aged 85, was sentenced to life imprisonment, bringing to close the longest unsolved criminal case in Hidalgo County, Texas.
The duties of the Texas Ranger Division consist of conducting criminal and special investigations; apprehending wanted felons ; suppressing major disturbances; the protection of life and property; and rendering assistance to local law enforcement in suppressing crime and violence. The Texas Ranger Division is also responsible for the gathering and dissemination of criminal intelligence pertaining to all facets of organized crime.
The Texas Ranger Division joins with all other enforcement agencies in the suppression of the same; under orders of the Director, suppress all criminal activity in any given area, when it is apparent that the local officials are unwilling or unable to maintain law and order; also upon the request or order of a judge of a court of record, Texas Rangers may serve as officers of the court and assist in the maintenance of decorum, the protection of life, and the preservation of property during any judicial proceeding; and provide protection for elected officials at public functions and at any other time or place when directed.
The Texas Rangers, with the approval of the Director, may conduct investigations of any alleged misconduct on the part of other Department of Public Safety personnel. The Texas Rangers' internal organization maintains the basic outlines that were set in The number of personnel is set by the Texas Legislature; as of [update] , the Texas Rangers number commissioned officers, one forensic artist, one fiscal analyst and 24 civilian support personnel.
The District Companies' headquarters are distributed in six geographical locations: . Modern-day Rangers as well as their predecessors do not have a prescribed uniform, per se, although the State of Texas does provide guidelines as to appropriate Ranger attire, including a requirement that Rangers wear clothing that is western in nature. Historically, according to pictorial evidence, Rangers wore whatever clothes they could afford or muster, which were usually worn out from heavy use. While Rangers still pay for their clothing today, they receive an initial stipend to offset some of the costs of boots, gunbelts and hats.
To carry out their horseback missions, Rangers adapted tack and personal gear to fit their needs. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the greatest influence was from the vaquero s Mexican cowboys. Saddles, spurs, ropes and vests used by the Rangers were all fashioned after those of the vaqueros. Most Rangers also preferred to wear broader-brimmed sombreros as opposed to cowboy hats , and they favored square-cut, knee-high boots with a high heel and pointed toes, in a more Spanish style.
Both groups carried their guns the same way, with the holsters positioned high around their hips instead of low on the thigh. This placement made it easier to draw while riding a horse. The wearing of badges became more common in the late s.
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Historians have put forth several reasons for the lack of the regular use of a badge; among them, some Rangers felt a shiny badge was a tempting target. Other historians have speculated there was no real need to show a badge to a hostile Native American or outlaw. Additionally, from a historical viewpoint, a Ranger's pay was so scanty that the money required for such fancy accoutrements was rarely available. Nevertheless, some Rangers did wear badges, and the first of these appeared around They were locally made and varied considerably from one to another, but they invariably represented a star cut from a Mexican silver coin usually a five-peso coin.
The design is reminiscent of Texas's Lone Star flag. Although present-day Rangers wear the familiar "star in a wheel" badge, it was adopted officially only recently. The current design of the Rangers' badge was incorporated in , when Ranger Hardy L. Purvis and his mother donated enough Mexican five-peso coins to the DPS to provide badges for all 62 Rangers who were working at that time as commissioned officers. The following list also contains officers from the Texas Rangers, which was merged into the Texas Department of Public Safety.
Numerous films and television series focus closely or loosely on the Texas Rangers. In addition, the Texas Rangers baseball team , when it relocated to the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex in , took its name from the force.
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Tales of the Texas Rangers a Western procedural radio program that ran on NBC from to , starring Joel McCrea , which was described as Dragnet with a Western flavor, and dealt with Ranger investigations in the s and s. The program was adapted to television in the mids as a Saturday morning juvenile Western, again on NBC, including contemporary stories as well as stories from the old West. Trackdown episodes were set in both fictional and real locations in Texas though the series itself was filmed at the former Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth , California. Episodes focus on Gilman tracking down bank robbers , horse thieves , swindlers, and murderers.
Rango was a short-lived comedy series starring Tim Conway as the eponymous Rango, a bumbling Texas Ranger in the 19th century. Rango got the job only because his uncle is a high-ranking officer in the organization. Call and Augustus McCrae. McQuade Norris as he investigates a ring of arms dealers.
Highlighting the gradual evolution of this celebrated force, Robert M.
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Utley reveals how the outlaw-pursuing horseback riders of yesteryear became a modern law enforcement agency combating urban crime in Texas's big cities, assisted by the latest advances in forensic science. Modernization didn't mean losing their toughness and independent spirit, however, and Utley predicts how the Rangers will continue to bring justice to the West in the twenty-first century. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Temporarily Out of Stock Online Please check back later for updated availability.
Overview Based on unprecedented access to Rangers archives, Lone Star Lawmen chronicles one hundred years of high adventure as told by one of the nation's most respected Western historians.