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Presidential duties also include serving as chief commander of the armed forces, appointing and dismissing the prime minister who must be able to command majority support in the legislature , appointing and dismissing other members of the government at the proposal of the prime minister, sending messages to parliament and convening or dissolving it as necessary, and setting the dates of elections after consultation with the Council of State.

The cabinet consists of the prime minister, who presides over its meetings, the ministers of government departments, and some secretaries of state ministers without portfolios.

Repression

The prime minister is simultaneously responsible to the president regarding the overall functioning of governmental institutions and to parliament regarding the content of public policy. The prime minister directs, coordinates, and implements government policy. By tradition the prime minister is the head of the civil service. The parliament comprises the unicameral Assembly of the Republic, which has deputies. Its duties include debating and voting upon legislation, authorizing the government to raise revenues, and approving the laws passed by the legislatures of the autonomous regions.

The parliament may also dismiss the government by rejecting a vote of confidence requested by the government or by passing a motion of censure against the government. Portugal has three tiers of government below the national level.

The lowest tier comprises the parishes freguesias , of which there are about 4, Each parish has a directly elected assembly assembleia de freguesia , which appoints its own executive body, the parish board junta de freguesia. The second tier consists of the municipalities concelhos , which number some Municipalities include rural and urban areas within their territorial limits.

Above the municipalities are 18 districts distritos —20 including Madeira and the Azores—each with an appointed civil governor. Nevertheless, to simplify the implementation and administration of EU programs, the government devised a system consisting of five regions for the mainland: North Norte , Central Centro , Lisbon and the Tagus Valley Lisboa e Vale do Tejo , the Alentejo , and the Algarve.

The Transition to Democracy in Spain and Portugal

Each autonomous region has its own government cabinet and president , legislature regional assembly , and administration. The country is divided into several dozen judicial circuits, above which there are four regional districts. The highest judicial organ is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice. There is also a Constitutional Tribunal, which has 13 justices appointed by parliament and which rules on the constitutionality of laws.

Municipalities include rural and urban areas within their territorial limits. Above the municipalities are 18 districts distritos —20 including Madeira and the Azores—each with an appointed civil governor. Nevertheless, to simplify the implementation and administration of EU programs, the government devised a system consisting of five regions for the mainland: North Norte , Central Centro , Lisbon and the Tagus Valley Lisboa e Vale do Tejo , the Alentejo , and the Algarve.

Each autonomous region has its own government cabinet and president , legislature regional assembly , and administration. The country is divided into several dozen judicial circuits, above which there are four regional districts. The highest judicial organ is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice. There is also a Constitutional Tribunal, which has 13 justices appointed by parliament and which rules on the constitutionality of laws.

A jury system was introduced with the constitution. The role of the military as the watchdog of the revolution and the subsequent transition to democracy was enshrined by the constitution in the Council of the Revolution.


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A constitutional committee operated in conjunction with the Council of the Revolution, which determined the constitutionality of legislation. Revisions made to the constitution in abolished the Council of the Revolution and the constitutional committee and replaced them with a Council of State and the Constitutional Tribunal. Members of the Council of State are the president of the republic who presides over the council , the president of the parliament, the prime minister, the president of the Constitutional Tribunal, the attorney general , the presidents of the governments of the autonomous regions, certain former presidents of the republic, five persons appointed by the president, and five persons selected by the Assembly of the Republic.

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